*********This is mostly in response to a post entitled "κόσμος (kosmos) in Johannine writings".
I will have to disagree with the idea that "panta" combined with "oude" in John 1:3 means any other than what the context and the rest of the scriptures indicate it to mean, that is, "all" as pertaining to the world of mankind. (John 1:10) I believe in past studies I have given ample evidence of this. Therefore, I am confident that in John 1:3, John intended his use of "panta" in that verse to be "universal" only to that which is being spoken of, that is, the world of mankind, the "beginning" of which is that spoken of in John 1:1. Throughout the New Testament, one will be strained to find where forms of the word "pas" (Strong's #3956) is used to mean the entire universe (which would include the Creator), or even the entire created universe (which would be universal only in a limited scope, since the Creator would be excluded). While it is used a very few times with the exclusion of the the Creator, as well as with the exclusion of the firstborn creature, it is always constrained in its application by the context as well as common evidence. As yet, I have not found any place in the Bible where it means absolutely "all" in the total universe, which would include the Creator.
Without Jesus Christ Absolutely NOTHING Was Created?
The Logos Was Theos
In the Beginning
In examining John's use of the word "kosmos" in his writings, we find that he does indeed ALWAYS use it with the same reference and meaning; he never uses it to mean the entire "universe", or even the entire created universe.
It is claimed that "When John says that Word came into the World it has one meaning but when the World rejects the Word it has a slightly different meaning, and when the Word makes the World it has yet another meaning." While it may be that John uses the word with a "slightly" different meaning, the word still is speaking of the same "world".
en tw kosmw een kai ho kosmos di autou
IN THE WORLD HE WAS, AND THE WORLD THROUGH HIM
1722 3588 2889 1511_3 2532 3588 2889 1223 0846_3
egeneto kai ho kosmos auton ouk egnw
CAME TO BE, AND THE WORLD HIM NOT KNEW.
1096 2532 3588 2889 0846_7 3756 1097 -- Westcott & Hort Interlinear
In John 1:10, for instance, one has stretch the imagination to think that Jesus used the word "kosmos" as meaning two different "worlds". It is very clear that the world (kosmos) that God made through Jesus is the same world into which Jesus came, with the only difference in meaning being that the world which was made through Jesus is now corrupted through sin, so that this same world did not recognize who Jesus was. John is speaking of the same "world" in all three instances of John 1:10. The only difference in the usage is that the world, when God made it through Logos, was not corrupted, but now it is corrupted through sin (Romans 5:12; 8:22), and the corrupted world -- the whole old creation of mankind (Romans 8:20-22) -- needs to pass away in order to be made new. -- 2 Corinthians 5:17; 1 John 2:17; Revelation 20:1-5.
Crosswalk's Lexicon gives several meanings to the world "Kosmos"
Does Yahweh Speak to Yahweh? - Regarding Hebrews 1:10-12.
As a Bible student, I am more interested in the meaning as found in the Bible itself. Lexicons and Greek dictionaries often give many meanings found in other Greek writings other than the Bible, or that have been attributed to words by man's doctrine, which may or may not represent the way the Bible actually uses the words. The basic meaning of "Kosmos" is that of order or arrangement, and most often is related to the order of the world of mankind, the world that was created through Jesus, which world has become corrupted through sin. Indeed, I have not found any exception of this usage in John's writings, although one may find a few exceptions elsewhere in the New Testament writings. For instance, there are at least three exceptions to usage of the word "kosmos" in Peter's writings, none of which however express "kosmos" as meaning the entire universe, or even the entire created universe. (1 Peter 3:3; 2 Peter 2:5; 3:6) Peter, in effect, would have us understand that God's dealings with man is related to three worlds -- three heavens and three earths -- in which he uses the word "kosmos" as related to the first period before the flood. (World #1 heaven and earth the were before the flood -- 2 Peter 3:5,6; World #2 heavens and earth are now, and which are to be dissolved -- 2 Peter 3:7,10,12; World #3 -- the new heavens and new earth -- 2 Peter 3:13. Paul speaks of the third heaven and paradise in 2 Corinthians 12:2,4. Peter also uses the word "kosmos" as related to cosmetics. -- 1 Peter 3:3.
The Third Heaven and Paradise
Yahweh's Plan of the Ages
In Romans 11:12 the word "kosmos" is used in contrast with Israel. However, in John 1:10; 12:46,47, Jesus includes Israel as of the world "kosmos", the world that was made through him, that did not recognize him and thus rejected him, for Jesus had only come to Israel. (Matthew 15:24) Nevertheless, "world", in Romans 11:12 still represents the world that was made through Jesus, but which was condemned through the sin of Adam, while Israel, as a whole, was considered a new creation (as a nation, not as individuals) of God separate from the world. The Law Covenant, however, serves to prove the sinful and crooked nature of the people of Israel; no one was justified, made straight, by keeping the Law, thus the condemnation of the world through Adam remained upon them.
Seed of David
The Law Gives Everlasting Life?
The Passing Away of the Law
The Fulfilling of the Law
Of course, the world that was made through Jesus, and into which Jesus came, and which world did nor recognize Jesus, is now a world of people estranged from God. The people of the world are, by nature of Adam's sin, children of wrath, sons of disobedience, not new creatures, children of God. (Ephesians 2:1-10) The world made through Jesus, into which Jesus came, and which rejected Jesus, is indeed represented on the surface of the earth as the dwelling place of mankind, in contrast with God and the spiritual creation, as well as with the sun, moon, stars, planets, etc (except that these are represented in their being made to appear in the sky -- the heavens -- of the earth -- Genesis 1:14-18; John 1:10; Acts 17:24; Hebrews 1:10); the Bible says nothing about a "world below," nor of its creation, although some translators have forced that expression into their translation of some scriptures.