Sunday, September 4, 2016

1 Corinthians 8:6 - One God, One Lord; Deuteronomy 6:4

1 Corinthians 8:6 - But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.-- World English
This scripture is very clear in saying that the Father is the "one God" of Christians. However, many who believe that Jesus is the only true God have found ways to make the scripture appear to be saying just the opposite of what it actually does say, so that they would claim that Jesus is also the "one God" of Christians. Some cross 1 Corinthians 8:6 with Deuteronomy 6:4, and thereby claim that Jesus is the "one Lord" spoken of in Deuteronomy 6:4. This line of argument highly depends on translations that change the holy name in Deuteronomy 8:6 to "the Lord," or else assumes that every time "Lord" appears in the New Testament, that it refers to Jehovah (Yahweh) of the Old Testament.

See:
“Lord” in the New Testament
The Holy Name in the New Testament

The Holy Name in the Original Hebrew/Greek]

Others claim that Deuteronomy 6:4 says that there is one Jehovah, but that this does not mean that Jehovah is not three persons. Notwithstanding, never does the one Jehovah say of Himself, We will do..., or we did..., etc. The default reasoning is that the one Jehovah is one person; the default reasoning does not call for us to imagine, assume and add to the scriptures that the one Jehovah is really three persons, all of whom are the one Jehovah. The Bible never says that the one Jehovah is three persons; you cannot find such a thought anywhere in the scriptures. The idea has to imagined, assumed, added to any and every scripture that is presented that is alleged to support the imagination.
1 Corinthians 8:4 Therefore concerning the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that there is no such thing as an idol in the world, and that there is no God but one.
1 Corinthians 8:5 For even if there are so-called gods whether in heaven or on earth, as indeed there are many gods and many lords. -- New American Standard.
Paul first refers to the idols to which sacrifices are made, and concerning these states that there are those that are so-called 'gods'. An idol, of course, is nothing -- it has no might, no power of its own; that which is made by the hands of men that is worshiped as "gods" "by nature are not gods." (Galatians 4:8, ESV) By nature that which is made and formed by the hands of men to which men make sacrifices has no "might" of itself to either cause harm are to cause good. (Psalm 115:4-8; 135:15-18; Isaiah 44:9-20) However, Paul, in harmony with the Old Testament, says that those who make offerings to such idol-gods are actually making offerings to demons, and not to the one true God. (Deuteronomy 32;17; Psalm 106:37; 2 Corinthians 10:20) These demons do have power, and are "by nature" mighty, but the man-made idol (gods) have no power, and thus, are not, by nature, mighty, and are certainly not the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

That there indeed are many "gods" --mighty ones -- is affirmed by Jesus. (John 10:34-36) The "gods" that Jesus referred to are the "sons of God" to whom the Logos came, and who received him. (Psalm 82:1,6,7; John 1:10-12) These are not false gods; but neither are they the one true God, the Might of the universe. They are mighty (gods - el, elohim, theoi) because of the power and authority given to them by the one true Might. Nevertheless, even the demons have been given great might from the only true Might, and they have misused that might. As to the promises of demons, however, they are false gods, but as to their being, by nature, they are true gods, that is, they really do have power and might.

To "us", that is, we who "who are sanctified in [by means of] Christ Jesus, called to be saints" (1 Corinthians 1:2), there is but one God -- One who is the Supreme Being, the Might of the Universe. This one God is the God that is spoken of as the God -- The Supreme Being -- of Jesus, the one that Jesus speaks of as the only true God, the only true Supreme Being. (These references are to the World English Bible translation: Psalm 45:7; Micah 5:4; Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34; John 17:3; 20:17; Romans 15:6; 2 Corinthians 1:3; 11:31; Ephesians 1:3,17; Hebrews 1:9; Revelation 1:6; 2:7; 3:2,12) Thus, the God and Father of Jesus is the "one God" -- the one Supreme Being -- that Paul speaks of in 1 Corinthians 8:6.
And yet, Paul is speaking relatively concerning 'one lord', for he had just stated that there are many lords. He is speaking of "one lord" over the church as appointed by God. We know that the God and Father of Jesus is the Supreme Lord of all, including being the Lord of the one whom he made "lord". (Genesis 14:22; Deuteronomy 10:17; Psalm 7:17; 92:1; John 10:29; 17:3; Acts 2:36) Jesus is "our Lord" because of he has been made "lord" by the only Most High. (Acts 2:36) And yet, the fact is that there have been many who are truly "lords", having been given some capacity as such all through the Bible. Do a search on biblestudytools.com for the word "lord" to verify this (to use this method effectively, you will need to ignore the the places where "lord" is substituted for the holy name).

For instance, when the Samaritan woman called Jesus “lord” as recorded in John 4:11,15, this was before she knew who Jesus was. In verse 19, she still addresses him as “Lord” as a prophet, evidently as the prophet like Moses. -- Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Acts 3:13-26.

In John 5:7, we find that a sick man, who did not know who Jesus was, yet referred to him as “lord”.

In John 12:21, the word for “lord” is used of Philip. No one would think that Philip must be God because the title KURIOS was applied to him.

Bullinger gives the following instances in which Kurios is used in the Gospels of others than Jehovah or Jesus, and as being used with different shades of meaning:
With the Article (ho Kurios), emphasizing ownership. Occurs fourty-two times: twenty-one times in Matthew 10:24,25; 15:27; 18:25,27,31,32,34; 20:8; 21:40; 24:45,46,48,50; 25:18,19,21,21,23,23,26; twice in Mark 12:9; 13:35; sixteen times in Luke 12:36,37,42,43,45,46,47; 14:21,23; 16:3,5,5,8; 19:33; 20:13,15; three times in John 13:16; 15:15,20.
Without the Article (Kurios). Generally in courtesy, emphasizing superior relationship. Occ. Nineteen times. Rendered “Lord” fourteen times (Matthew 18:26; 25:11,11,20,22,24. Luke 13:8,25,25; 14:22; 19:16,18,20,25); “Master” twice (Matthew 6:24. Luke 16:13); “Sir” four times (Matthew 13:27; 21:30; 27:63. John 12:21).
To see Bullinger’s study on the word “Kurios” in the New Testament, see:
http://jesus-rlbible.com/?p=21
We do not necessarily agree with all of Bullinger’s conclusions.
However, there is nothing in any of these scriptures or anyplace else in the entire Bible that means that Jesus is a person of the Supreme Being; the scriptures show that it was the only true Supreme Being who sent Jesus, and with whom Jesus was with before the only true Supreme Being made the world of mankind through Jesus. (John 1:3,10; 17:3, Acts 17:24) God, by means of his holy spirit, reveals through the scriptures that Jesus was sent by Jehovah, speaks for Jehovah, represents Jehovah, and was raised and glorified by the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Jesus never claimed to be, nor do the scriptures ever present Jesus as, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, whom Jesus represents and speaks for. — Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Matthew 22:32; 23:39; Mark 11:9,10; 12:26; Luke 13:35; 20:37; John 3:2,17,32-35; 4:34; 5:19,30,36,43; 6:57; 7:16,28; 8:26,28,38; 10:25; 12:49,50; 14:10; 15:15; 17:8,26; 20:17; Acts 2:22,34-36; 3:13,22; 5:30; Romans 15:6; 2 Corinthians 1:3; 8:6; 11:31; Colossians 1:3,15; 2:9-12; Hebrews 1:1-3; Revelation 1:1.

God, by means of his holy spirit, reveals through the scriptures that Jesus is son of the only Most High, Jehovah. Jesus is never spoken of as the “Most High”; he is not the only Most High Jehovah of whom he is the son. — Genesis 14:22; Psalm 7:17; 83:18; 92:1; Luke 1:32; John 13:16.

I have been sent many scriptures to allegedly prove that Jesus is the Supreme Being, in reality what is presented as "proof" is actually the imaginations and assumptions of men that are placed over various scriptures so as to leave the impression that what has been imagined is supported by the scriptures. In other words, what the trinitarian, in effect, does is say: we *know* [actually, "imagine"] that God is three persons, thus, we believe that this scripture or that scripture supports what we "know" [imagine], and thus, because or what we "know" [imagine] to be true, what we "know" [imagine] is supported by this or that scripture. Their default assumption is that God is three persons, and they often fail think beyond that default assumption. Nevertheless, over and over in our studies on this and other sites, we have shown how this kind of circular reasoning, or a deal of human imagination, has to be used when they present their scriptures that are alleged to support the trinitarian dogma.

Summation Regarding 1 Corinthians 8:6; Deuteronomy 6:4:

There is only one Lord whom the Lord Jehovah, the "one God" who is the source of all, has anointed and made christ and lord, and through whom are all. -- Isaiah 61:1; Acts 2:36; 1 Corinthians 8:6.

The "one Jehovah" of Deuteronomy 6:4 and Mark 12:29 is the "one God" of 1 Corinthians 8:6. The "one Lord" of 1 Corinthians 8:6 is NOT the "one Jehovah" of Deuteronomy 6:4; Mark 12:29.

The "one Jehovah" of Deuteronomy 6:4; Mark 12:29 is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus. -- Exodus 3:14,15; Deuteronomy 8:15-19; Acts 3:13-26; Ephesians 1:3,17-23; Hebrews 1:1,2.

The following added March 13, 2016:

There are some who continue to insist that "one Lord" of 1 Corinthians 8:6 is the same "one Lord" of Deuteronomy 8:6. I will try to make this clearer:

Hear, O Israel, Jehovah* our God is one Jehovah*. -- Green's Literal
*Strong's 3068
http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/hebrew/nas/yehovah.html
(This incorrectly states that this name is "unpronunced except with the vowel pointings of 0136".)

There is no form of any Hebrew word that means "lord" in Deuteronomy 6:4. Many misrepresent the Holy Name as meaning "lord", but the Holy Name in Hebrew is an active verb that is used as though a noun, but it is not a titular noun.

Mark 12:29, Westcott & Hort Interlinear
apekrithee ho ieesous hoti prwtee estin akoue
ANSWERED THE JESUS THAT FIRST (ONE) IS BE HEARING,
0611 3588 2424 3754 4413 1510_2 0191
israeel kurios ho theos heemwn kurios heis estin
ISRAEL, LORD THE GOD OF US LORD ONE IS,
2474 2962 3588 2316 1473_8 2962 1520 1510_2

In Mark 12:29 we do not at all find the same phrase as is used in Deuteronomy 6:4, but we find that someone has changed the Holy Name of Deuteronomy 6:4 to a form of the Greek word transliterated above as kurios, which means, master, mister, sir, lord, ruler, etc. I have no doubt that Jesus did not change the Holy Name of his God to KURIOS, but that he used some form of the Holy Name when he spoke; he would not have changed the name of his God to something that does not even mean the same as expressed by the Holy Name. Indeed, if he did, then Deuteronomy 18:15-22 would suggest that he was not the promised prophet who was foretold to come in the name of Jehovah, and who was to speak the words of Jehovah, etc.

Deuteronomy 18:15-22, American Standard Version:

15 Jehovah thy God will raise up unto thee a prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; 16 according to all that thou desiredst of Jehovah thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of Jehovah my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. 17 And Jehovah said unto me, They have well said that which they have spoken. 18 I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee; and I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. 19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him. 20 But the prophet, that shall speak a word presumptuously in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die. 21 And if thou say in thy heart, How shall we know the word which Jehovah hath not spoken? 22 when a prophet speaketh in the name of Jehovah, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which Jehovah hath not spoken: the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously, thou shalt not be afraid of him.

1 Corinthians 8:6, Westcott & Hort Interlinear
all heemin heis theos ho pateer ex hou ta
BUT TO US ONE GOD THE FATHER, OUT OF WHOM THE
0235 1473_9 1520 2316 3588 3962 1537 3739 3588
panta kai heemeis eis auton kai heis kurios ieesous
ALL (THINGS) AND WE INTO HIM, AND ONE LORD JESUS
3956 2532 1473_7 1519 0846_7 2532 1520 2962 2424
christos di hou ta panta kai heemeis di
CHRIST, THROUGH WHOM THE ALL (THINGS) AND WE THROUGH
5547 1223 3739 3588 3956 2532 1473_7 1223
autou
HIM.
0846_3

In 1 Corinthians 8:6, we do not find that KURIOS is being used as a replacement of God's Holy Name, but it is applied to the only one whom the one Jehovah of Deuteronomy 6:4 has anointed and made lord for this special position; Jehovah, the "one God" of 1 Corintians 8:6, performs His work through this special channel whom He has made both Christ and Lord. (Psalm 2:26; 45:7; Isaiah 61:1; Ezekiel 34:23,24; John 10:29; 17:1,3; Acts 2:23,36; 4:27; 10:38; Hebrews 1:9). No one else occupies this special position of being this one lord through whom Jehovah speaks and performs His work. — Deuteronomy 18:18,19; John 3:34; 5:19; 6:38; 7:16,28,29; 8:28,38,40; 12:29; 14:10; 17:8; Acts 3:13-26; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Hebrews 1:1,2.

Added April 3, 2017:

One states that the Old Testament refers to Lord and it's always God Almighty YAHWEH.  It is claimed that after birth of his son they are both called Lord.

I am not sure exactly what is meant by the above. If it is the thought that no one but Jehovah (Yahweh) in the Old Testament is called lord, I never meant to leave such impression. Jesus is "lord" in Psalm 110:1. Abraham is "lord" in Genesis 18:12; 23:6,11,15. Angels are referred to as "lords" in Genesis 19:2; 23:6. And there are many other such "lords" throughout the Old Testament, both of men and angels. One can verify this by using Strong's concordance or see:
http://www.studylight.org/desk/interlinear.cgi?ref=00023006


All of these could be included in the "many lords" that the apostle Paul spoke in 1 Corninthians 8:5; such are NOT simply "called" lords, but are actually lords in respect to whatever context is being used. However, there is only one whom God has appointed to be Lord through whom is all, and only one whom Jehovah has appointed as Lord and Shepherd (Pastor) over all His sheep. -- Ezekiel 34:23,24; Isaiah 61:1,2; John 10:11-17,29; Acts 2:36; 10:42; 1 Corinthians 8:6.



The original of the above was prepared sometime before 2013; it was last updated and republished on November 2, 2014. Updated 12/15/2016.

Related

"The Lord Our God is One Lord" - Chapter 6 of Should Christianity Abandon the Doctrine of the Trinity? By Michael A. Barber: This is a highly controversial exposition of a doctrine which has dominated Christianity for two thousand years. The book takes apart, piece by piece, the very foundation that so many religions use to support the belief that there are three persons in one God. It analyses the major scriptural references pointed to in Trinity support texts, and examines them in the light of biblical context and by original-language comparisons. World-renowned authorities on biblical Hebrew and Greek are sought for their views on these key scriptures. This is a compelling book which turns the very foundation of Christianity onto its head. RRD: This book contains a lot of good information that refutes many of the arguments used by trinitarians, although I may not agree with all conclusions given. - May be ordered through the following link: CLICK HERE for FREE Worldwide Shipping

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